Association Of Myanmar Archaeologists

Myanmar Archaeology Students Blog

Myin Pya Gu (No.1493)

Myin Pya Gu (No.1493)

Myin-pya-gu hav been attributed either to the end of Anawrahta’s reign or the beginning of his son Sawlu’s reign (1077-1084). Votive tablets bearing the seals of both kings have been found in this large temple, sited south of the old city will. The quadrilateral structure rises in the shape of a stupa yet it has wide internal corridors. A single entrance faces west. The walls are lined with niches housing lifesize images of the Buddha and the interior was extensively decorated with scences from this jatakas. Luce notes that the niche are arranged fourteen on each side, totaling 28 in each half of the temple. The number of niches is no dubt related to the 28 former Buddhas. However, at the Myin-pya-gu, these niches do not all contain images of seated Buddhas. Most of the seated images are in bhumisparsa mudra and, according to Luce, “of the ‘Aniruddha type’, with long torso, conical usnisa and flame-niche (this last generally lost). Ears touch shoulders”. The faces are a little less rounded than those typical of Anawrahta’s reign, a feature that supports the proposed dating of this sculptures. The torsos are slightly elongated and very upright. Some features, however, are not typical and suggest either later repairs or damage. A number of the earth-touching hands have even fingers. This is not a characteristic of images in the early Bagan period but developed later in the 12 th century. The hair caps are smooth on a number of the sculptures. This is also a feature that is associated with images of the later Bagan period. Perhaps the original stucco curls had fallen off and repairs were made in the style of the day.

(Myin Pya Gu Exterior) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu Exterior) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu Plan) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu Plan) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

As well as housing repetitive images of the earth-touching Buddha there are life scenes including the Buddha sheltered by Mucalinda and the Fasting bodhisattva. While both are badly damaged the overall composition is consistent with a date of around 1075-1084. Seven sparate naga heads frame the Buddha’s head and shoulders. Rounded hair curls are still visible on this sculpture. The right hand and lower arm has been repaired, the hand has fingers of equal length and the arm is close to the body, crossing the shin in an almost central position. The fasting image is similar to the figure in Kyauk-ku-umin although, in this temple, the Buddha is on his own without any devas in attendance.


AOMAR_(Myin Pya Gu) (Row Of Five Buddha Images) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

AOMAR_(Myin Pya Gu) (Row Of Five Buddha Images) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu) (Buddha Sheltered By Mucalinda Naga) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu) (Buddha Sheltered By Mucalinda Naga) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu) (The Head Of Buddha) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu) (The Head Of Buddha) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

The stone head of a standing image which was found by Luce on the floor of the temple, and is still in situ, belongs to a standing figure of the Buddha housed in the central niche on the southern side of the building. It was constructed in the usual manner using a tenon to fix it into the temple wall, the rest of the figure being made of stucco and brick. The head is stylistically linked to this period. The face is rounded though the chin is slightly pointed, a precursor to images of Kyanzittha’s reign. The eyebrow arch kicks up and outwards, which dip in the centre and run into the bridge of the nose. The earlobes are damaged and it is not possible to know if they rested on the shoulders of the image.

(Myin Pya Gu) (The Fast) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu) (The Fast) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu Exterior) (Seated Buddha) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

(Myin Pya Gu Exterior) (Seated Buddha) (Late Anawrahta Period) (1070-1075)

The seated image in the western recess is also damaged but still retains some stylistic characters of note. The torso is slim and long, the waist rather high. The chest is not very broad. The chest is not very broad. The neck rings are still visible and the earlobes extend to touch the shoulders. The face is full and ovoid though the chin tapers more than, for example, the earlier images seen in Kyauk-ku-umin.

(Copy From : “Burmese Buddhist Imagery Of The Early Bagan Period 1044-1113By : Charlotte Kendrick Galloway : A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of The Australian National University:November 2006 ) (Page : 158)

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One response to “Myin Pya Gu (No.1493)

  1. Dr. Shwe Lu Maung October 19, 2011 at 6:45 pm

    I visited the place in 1969.

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